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Dongyi Suse Bowon (Longevity and Life Preservation in Oriental Medicine)

<Dongyi soosebowon> is the book of four constitutions compiled in the later period of the Chosun dynasty. It consists of four books in two volumes in wooden printing type. One of the major medical books written by Lee Jae-ma, it started compilation by order of King Gojong on July 13th of his 30th year(1893) of reign and finished on the 13th of April the following year. Dongeuias in the title of the book was named to distinguish it from Chinese medicine. "Suse stands for increase of longevity of people in the universe, "Bowon means preserving truth. Lee Jae-ma's accomplishment in proposing the "4-type constitution theory" has opened a new era for Korean Medicine. Lee's theory is a theory of theology and has provided great effect leading Lee to the medical community. In 1900, he tried reediting the book from "the discourse on Nature and Order" to "the discourse on Tae-Eum person", but died before finishing the rest. The book was published the next year, in the names of Lee's students. The book consists of 17 theories ;


The Discourse on Nature and Order, the discourse on the Four Principles, the discourse on the Establishment and Supplement, the discourse on Viscera and Bowels, the discourse on the Origin of Eastern Medicine, the discourse on So-Eum Person's Exterior Febrile Disease -induced from the Kidney Affected by Heart, the discourse on the So-Eum Person's Interior Cold Disease induced from the Stomach Affected by Cold, the General Remarks on the So-Eum Person, the discourse on the So-Yang Person's Exterior Cold disease induced from the Spleen Affected by Cold, the discourse on the So-Yang Person's Interior Febrile disease induced from the Stomach Affected by Heat, the General Remarks on the So-Yang Person, the discourse on the Tae-Eum Person's Exterior cold Disease induced from the esophagus affected by Cold, the discourse on the Tae-Eum Person's Lumbar Vertebrae disease induced by external pathogens, the discourse on the Tae-Yang Person's small intestine disease induced by internal pathogens, the discourse on the general health maintenance, the discourse on identifying the Four Constitutions, and prescribed medicine for corresponding Four Constitutions in four volumes.


Among this, 13 theories below the discourse on the Origin of Eastern Medicine excluding the discourse on the general health maintenance, thus 12 theories along with prescribed medicine for corresponding Four Constitutions are the key points in actual medical practice. The other five theories are mostly ideological. In it's core theory, the four diving theory, man is categorized into four types, and according to what type an individual is, choice of prescription and medicine differs. Thus, So-Eum person has large Kidney, small Spleen, Tae-Eum person, large Liver, small Lung, Tae-Yang person large Lung and small Liver and So-Yang person, large Spleen and small Kidney. The theory says each type is different in their physiology and pathology according to the size of the internal organs and thus treatment must also be different according to each person.

 

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